How Lumen is a Good Choice for the Microservice Architecture

Microservices are a new architecture that is gaining popularity. In this article, we will cover the reasons why it is a good approach for startups and why you might want to use Lumen in your next project.

3 mins read
October 8, 2021
Microservice Ecosystem is considered a modern architectural style that provides flexibility to structure an application into a form of modular component & service.

It is designed to provide a service-oriented architecture where every service is responsible for a different set of unique functionalities. All the services are designed in different technologies and scaled as per the requirements.

In case you would like to know more about how it’s different from the integrated monolithic architecture, you can check out Monolithic vs Microservices.

Once you have decided to go with Microservices architecture but are still not very confident to decide which technology/framework you should go for, then this article is for you.

Since Microservices have some specified needs like decoupled components, speed, security, flexibility & support, etc. Not all the frameworks or languages are the best fit for these kinds of architecture, So, selecting a relevant technology could always play a key role in your application health.

There are several micro frameworks available, and Lumen would be a good choice if you are interested in setting up your microservices’ ecosystem with PHP.

Lumen is a PHP-based micro-framework that is specially designed to fulfill every need for microservices-based applications. Lumen foundation is very similar to Laravel and powered with feature enriched loosely coupled components. If you would like to take benefits from Power of Laravel but have something more suitable for microservices, then Lumen would be a good choice for you.

Why Lumen?

There are several features that make Lumen a perfect choice for microservice development. Here we will discuss some key features of Lumen and check how is it a right fit?

Highest Performing Micro Framework

When we think about microservices architecture, Speed & Performance are the things that come to our mind. As per some online reliable information sources, Lumen is one of the fastest microframeworks. Here you can find the benchmarking comparison of some famous micro-frameworks available today.

Highest Performing Micro Framework
As per benchmarking by Taylor Otwell (creator of Laravel & Lumen), it is one of the fastest micro frameworks available that could handle about 1900 requests per second.

Lumen comes with a predefined set of components that are required to build a performant scalable application. There might be other frameworks that provide better performance results with the basic setup but once you’ll start adding up the required dependencies it will slow down your application performance.

Simpler & Lightweight with the Power of Laravel

Since Lumen has the same foundation as Laravel, it provides the same cleaned directory structure that helps to organize your code to handle the console and HTTP-based requests separately in a clean way.

Also, it’s preloaded with some feature-rich components like Laravel but in Lumen, it’s only enabled and bootstrapped with required components for handling API requests.

Like, it’s disabled some unnecessary features for microservice patterns like templating, session handler, request caching, form requests, etc. If you would like to enable any of the features, it would be very easy like adding butter on the bread, you just have to follow some simpler steps to update the bootstrap file configuration and that feature would be ready to use.

Also, Jobs & Queue helps you process the asynchronous requests without keeping you in the wait for request processing.

As simple as you expected !!!


Plug & Use Third Party Packages

Lumen also follows PSR-4 autoloader rules to load the dependencies that make it very flexible to plug and use any standard PHP library. Since it’s loaded with the Composer, you may not be worried about upgrading/managing versions for dependencies.

CI/CD Deployment

There are some predefined commands available with Lumen that help to set up CI / CD pipelines easily with any popular code hosting site like GitHub, GitLab, Bitbucket, etc… For pre-deployment, apart from running composer dependencies, you can set to prepare the database schema with predefined value with its powerful Artisan commands available for migration & seed.

With the Laravel ecosystem, the Envoyer provides zero downtime deployment for Laravel / Lumen based applications having some minimal configurations and powerful commands. It may be helpful if you would like to save DevOps cost.

You can manage your application dependencies and deployment in the way you want !!!


Like Laravel, Lumen is bundled with some great security features like Encryption, Hashing, Authentication, Authorization, etc…

Apart from these, it also provides an option to API request rate-limiting with throttle and can also define the trusted proxies/domain with configuration.

Lumen is also bundled with one of the powerful ORM-based features Eloquent that runs prepared statements and avoids the chances of any SQL Injection attacks.

There are also some configuration settings available to put your sensitive information in an environment file & you can keep any sensitive data out from publishing with code or logging information.

So it’s already following the first-hand security checks!!!

Support & Community

Laravel / Lumen is one of the best Open-source PHP-based frameworks available. The official repository has more than 7.3k stars and 960+ forks.

Laravel / Lumen follows the Semantic Versioning pattern for its first-party packages. Major framework releases are released every year (~January), while minor and patch releases may be released as often as every week.

It has a fast-growing community worldwide. And there are a ton of freely available packages.


Awesome! Now we are aware of some significant factors of Lumen like speed, security, flexibility, and most importantly the clean and light-weight structure. These key features should be considered while you are in the development phase where you need to select technology for a microservice. 

Looking at the great offerings of Lumen, It’s not wrong to say that picking Lumen could be a good choice when you are going with the PHP tech stack.

Thank you for spending your valuable time and reading this guide. Welcoming your thoughts, comments are always open for discussion!! 

Vikash Pathak

Project Manager

Vikas is an accomplished technical leader who has brilliant team management, problem-solving, and technical abilities. With over 12 years of experience in the software development industry, he has developed an immense sense of software development lifecycle including planning, budgeting, monitoring, and reporting the project in detail and leveraging the best technologies aligned with proven management methodologies as per the distinctive and unique business requirements of our clients. Besides holding a Master’s degree in Computer Applications (MCA), he also holds a high-level Laravel Certification that adds an extra feather to his cap. Having years of experience in the technical industry, he excels in developing innovative technology-based solutions, making the best use of new technologies and effectively aligning each member of the team with the project vision to deliver maximum value to the clients. If you have your idea ready but are not sure what should be the next step, he is your answer. Just share whatever you have in your mind with him and he will not disappoint you to have the best solutions for your project vision as clearly as possible. In short, he is a go-getter who has solutions to every challenge of product development.

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