Ultimate Guide to Prototyping – Perfect Your UX Design Process

Prototyping has become an absolute necessity today. In this guide, I want to help you perfect your UX design process. To be able to deliver the first draft of a digital experience before spending a dime on actual production costs.

3 mins read
November 12, 2021

Going beyond wireframes and mockups, prototypes empower you to release the right product by gaining insight into how users will interact with your software application. With representing a draft version of a product, prototypes let you give your vague idea the right direction of the design and come up with something tangible.

Prototypes can be hand-drawn on paper or digitally created on a computer. The topmost gain of a prototype is, it enables you to explore, refine and validate your ideas while letting you easily share the intention behind each feature or the overall design of the product with the design and development teams.

Depending on the designing requirements, a prototype can be anything from rough sketches on papers (low-fidelity) to click-through digital pieces of content to a functioning model (high-fidelity). 

Let’s have a look at the three main fidelity types of prototypes:



Low-fidelity prototypes are usually paper-based prototypes that enable you to outline the basic flows of product design and information architecture in the early stage of designing or development. However, low-fidelity prototypes can’t be used for user interactions and are only limited to the internal teams.

Such prototypes are used to create an early and quick visualization of a particular feature or the complete product design. These prototypes can be created easily and quickly with fewer effort and resources. Enabling UX teams to explore the designing concept, low-fidelity prototypes are best to simulate user flows and update the sketches according to requirements.



Unlike low-fidelity prototypes, mid-fidelity prototypes enable user interactions and usually include limited functionalities and contents that are critical for a product. These prototypes may be limited with functionality or features but not with the click-through options. 

In simple words,mid-fidelity prototypes are the wireframes that are linked with one another and offer a certain level of interactivity but are not complete as some graphics, photos or user interaction areas will be missed. With these prototypes, one can easily create a basic visual design for all the action steps and design processes.   



Going with the name, High-fidelity prototypes are highly functional and interactive than low and mid-fidelity prototypes. Resembling how the final product will look or function, it enables testing and validation of the ideas with realistic user interactions. They are ideal for gathering the true human performance data, testing ideas about functionality and the overall user experience.

These prototypes more likely tend to develop an expectation with a fully functional software application. High-fidelity prototypes enable effective implementation of the development and design processes through a realistic idea of the application. With demonstrating the exact look and feel of the product to the users or stakeholders, these prototypes foster minimal error and reduced development or designing efforts. 


The Prototyping Process

Let’s have a look at the steps involved in the prototyping process: 

The Prototyping Process

Defining the Requirements

Before you create a prototype, It is important that you know the defined goals and purpose like why do you need it? Or What do you want to solve through it?


Now when you have defined the purpose, the next step is to create as many ideas as possible for prototyping. Coming up with different ideas will help you to be more creative and clear about how you will create your prototype.


Here, you will create an actual prototype as per the defined requirements and ideas gathered in the previous exercise. It will be more like a small working model of the requirements.

User Testing

After designing a prototype, you will have to show it to a limited set of users and collect their feedback or suggestions on how the prototype worked for them, whether it served the purpose or not.


Once you get the feedback or suggestions from the limited set of users, you need to take them into consideration and keep refining your prototype based on them until all the improvement areas are not covered.

Why do we need prototypes?

To Ensure the Design Concept Works as Intended

Ensuring that the design concept works as expected – this is among the major reasons why one should consider a prototype in their development process. Setting a clear understanding of your idea fosters designers to determine the actual functionalities and concept of the software application and create an effective designing strategy accordingly. Focusing on the prototypes, your designing team will be more aligned and prepared to meet the expected needs of the product.

To Deliver an Experience that is Long Lasting

With prototypes, you can perform testing for usability and check navigation of the application, which means you will be able to determine the improvement scopes early in the initial designing phase and update your product accordingly. It will eventually help you deliver an enhanced and convenient user experience.

To Reduce Development Risk

No doubt, having prototypes directly affects the resources, time, and budget of the product development. Once you have created an ideal prototype as per your requirements, you will be able to set clear designing understanding with your teams and determine the hidden shortcomings, potential errors or functional gaps. Having such crucial details prior to the product launch will prevent you from developing a product that is less likely to meet your users’ expectations and needs a lot of costly rework.

UI/UX Design Product Development

Abhishek Mahajan

Senior UI/UX Designer

Currently leading a team of frontend designers, It’s been really long, Abhishek is into UI/UX engineering. He is a competent and prominent UI/UX strategist who knows how to design modern software more compassionately and thoughtfully. No matter whether it is a web app or a mobile app or a Saas product, he is brilliant at designing appealing, intuitive & engaging user interfaces and user experiences. Apart from being a certified HTML professional developer, he also holds a certification in responsive web designing which stretches his expertise far beyond UI/UX. Well-versed in designing and frontend development, he knows how to add another dimension to any project and leave a lasting impression on the users. Talking about his personal interests, two things he likes the most in his free time, playing cricket and spending time in volunteer services.

Mamta Thakur

Senior Software Developer

Mamta has more than 9 years of experience in designing innovative and interactive web apps, mobile applications, and software products. Her extensive experience in the UI/UX industry makes her a superior-level creative thinker who knows how to serve the valuable inputs of the client and empower them to make the product’s overall aesthetics and functionality more intuitive. Holding HTML Responsive Web Design Certification, she becomes a professional who can easily cater to the dynamics of frontend designing. Mamta has in-depth knowledge of all the advanced UI/UX tools and practices that helps her create convincing apps with enhanced accessibility and usability.

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